” Freewill is to mind what chance is to matter “ — Charles Darwin (c 1836-1844)
I’ve often said during some of my posts about the intrinsic wonders of naturism and how it makes me think more environmentally friendly about the planet.At the same time it also makes me think even more about nature and wildlife in ever greater defining detail. Recently I’ve started reading a book about a man who thought about life and nature in even greater detail and his thinking changed the world in ways he could never really imagine it would.
The man in question was Charles Darwin.
Charles Robert Darwin, FRS (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to evolutionary theory. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors, and in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace (below right) introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding.
Darwin published his theory of evolution with compelling evidence in his 1859 book On the Origin of Species, overcoming scientific rejection of earlier concepts of transmutation of species. By the 1870s, the scientific community and much of the general public had accepted evolution as a fact.
However, many favoured competing explanations and it was not until the emergence of the modern evolutionary synthesis from the 1930s to the 1950s that a broad consensus developed in which natural selection was the basic mechanism of evolution. In modified form, Darwin’s scientific discovery is the unifying theory of the life sciences, explaining the diversity of life.
Darwin’s early interest in nature led him to neglect his medical education at the University of Edinburgh; instead, he helped to investigate marine invertebrates. Studies at the University of Cambridge (Christ’s College) encouraged his passion for natural science. His five-year voyage on HMS Beagle established him as an eminent geologist whose observations and theories supported Charles Lyell’s uniformitarian ideas, and publication of his journal of the voyage made him famous as a popular author.
Puzzled by the geographical distribution of wildlife and fossils he collected on the voyage, Darwin began detailed investigations and in 1838 conceived his theory of natural selection. Although he discussed his ideas with several naturalists, he needed time for extensive research and his geological work had priority. He was writing up his theory in 1858 when Alfred Russel Wallace sent him an essay that described the same idea, prompting immediate joint publication of both of their theories. Darwin’s work established evolutionary descent with modification as the dominant scientific explanation of diversification in nature.In 1871 he examined human evolution and sexual selection in The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, followed by The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. His research on plants was published in a series of books, and in his final book, he examined earthworms and their effect on soil.
Darwin became internationally famous, and his pre-eminence as a scientist was honoured by burial in Westminster Abbey. Darwin has been described as one of the most influential figures in human history.
The book is a biography and goes into detail though letters which were published in a separate book about his life and trials its also uses his voyage of the beagle book to tell us of his journeys to foreign lands. It helps to make you understand our place in this world too. We visited the Darwin’s ‘Down House’ on a rainy day in September 2013 and took lots of photos of the house and gardens which I’ve put up in this post.
One fellow blogger recently put it into to perspective when she penned the words in a passage (alighting to the joys of nude swimming) which very much comes from a Darwin perspective too,she said:
“But, ultimately, I’m just an animal of this earth like any other, and, as such, all these problems and issues that I worry about and have are mostly totally insignificant. Which is a huge relief.”
Biography information source – wikipedia, the free encyclopedia